CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Real Number Objective Questions are curated by the experienced faculty at BYJU’S. Do you want to assess how thorough you are with the concepts of “Real Numbers”? Are you worried about how you would answer if MCQs asked from this chapter? With the CBSE Class 10 exam pattern undergoing a major change for the coming academic year, you can now expect more objectivetype questions for the exams. So, we have compiled here some questions from the chapter and arranged them topicwise for your easy access. Find the CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Real Numbers Objective Questions given in this article.
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List of Subtopics Covered in Real Numbers
The chapter discusses real numbers and their applications. It is an important topic of CBSE Class 10 Maths. While the topic is taught in the previous classes as well, Class 10 goes more indepth into the concept. Here, we have given the list of subtopics that are covered in chapter 1 of CBSE Class 10 Maths Objective Questions. They are as follows:
 1.1 Introduction to Real Numbers (5 MCQs Given from This Topic)
 1.2 Revisiting Irrational Numbers (5 MCQs Covering This Topic)
 1.3 Revisiting Rational Numbers and Their Decimal Expansions (5 MCQs Listed from This Topic)
 1.4 The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic (5 MCQs Given from This Topic)
Download Free CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Real Numbers Objective Questions PDF
Introduction to Real Numbers

 What is the least number that must be added to 1056, so the number is divisible by 23?
 0
 3
 2
 1
 What is the least number that must be added to 1056, so the number is divisible by 23?
Answer: C. 2
Solution: We have,
On dividing 1056 by 23, we get 21 as the remainder.
⇒ If we add 23 – 21 = 2 to the dividend 1056, we will get a number completely divisible by 23.
∴ The required number = (23 – 21) = 2

 The difference between the two numbers is 1365. On dividing the larger number by the smaller, we get 6 as the quotient and 15 as the remainder. What is the smaller number?
 360
 295
 270
 240
 The difference between the two numbers is 1365. On dividing the larger number by the smaller, we get 6 as the quotient and 15 as the remainder. What is the smaller number?
Answer: C. 270
Solution: Let the smaller number be x.
⇒ Larger number = (x+1365)
⇒x+1365=6x+15
⇒5x=1350
⇒x=270
∴ The larger number is (270 + 1365) = 1635
And the smaller number is 270.

 Euclid’s division lemma states, “Given positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq+r. Which of the following is true for r?
 r>a
 r<0
 0≤r<b
 r>b
 Euclid’s division lemma states, “Given positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq+r. Which of the following is true for r?
Answer: C. 0≤r<b
Solution: Euclid’s division lemma:
Given positive integers a and b, there exist unique integers q and r satisfying a = bq + r where 0≤r<b.
Basically, it can be observed that the remainder can never be more than the divisor and is a nonnegative integer (could be zero).

 a and b, when divided by 7 and 6 respectively, leave remainders p and q respectively. What is the maximum value of p + q?
 5
 6
 12
 11
 a and b, when divided by 7 and 6 respectively, leave remainders p and q respectively. What is the maximum value of p + q?
Answer: D. 11
Solution: There exist integers m and n such that a = 7m + p and b = 6n + q, such that
0<p<7⇒
The maximum value of p will be 6.
0<q<6⇒
The maximum value of p will be 5.
Therefore, the maximum value of p + q will be 11.

 If HCF (1008, 20) = HCF (20, a) = HCF (a, b) where 1008 = 20×q+a; 20 = a×m+b, where (q, a) and (m, b) are positive integers satisfying Euclid’s Division Lemma, what could be the values of a and b?
 24, 8
 20, 8
 10, 4
 8, 4
 If HCF (1008, 20) = HCF (20, a) = HCF (a, b) where 1008 = 20×q+a; 20 = a×m+b, where (q, a) and (m, b) are positive integers satisfying Euclid’s Division Lemma, what could be the values of a and b?
Answer: D. 8, 4
Solution: If p=d×q+r, (p>q) where p, q, d, r are integers, and for a given (p, d), there exists a unique (q, r), then HCF (p, d) = HCF (d, r). Because this relation holds true, Euclid’s Division Algorithm exists in a stepbystep manner. So, to find the HCF (1008, 20), we use Euclid’s division lemma at every step.
Step 1: 1008 = 20×50+8 ⇒ HCF(1008, 20) = HCF(20,8) ⇒ a could be 8
Step 2: 20=8×2+4 ⇒ HCF(20, 8) = HCF(8,4) ⇒ b could be 4
Step 3: 8 = 4×2+0
HCF = 4
Since 1008 = 20×q+a, where q and a are positive integers that satisfy Euclid’s division lemma, we must have 0≤a<20. So a is surely 8, and b is 4.
Revisiting Irrational Numbers

 Which one of the following can’t be the square of a natural number?
 42437
 20164
 81225
 32761
 Which one of the following can’t be the square of a natural number?
Answer: A. 42437
Solutions: We know that the square of a natural number never ends in 2, 3, 7 and 8.
∴ 42437 can’t be the square of a natural number.

 If the number 91876y2 is completely divisible by 8, then the smallest whole number in place of y will be:
 2
 4
 3
 1
 If the number 91876y2 is completely divisible by 8, then the smallest whole number in place of y will be:
Answer: C. 3
Solution: For a number to be divisible by 8, the last three digits must be divisible by 8.
Here, 6y2 must be divisible by 8.
For y=3, 632 is divisible by 8.

 If x and y are the two digits of the number 653xy such that this number is divisible by 80, then x + y =?
 4 or 8
 6
 4
 8
 If x and y are the two digits of the number 653xy such that this number is divisible by 80, then x + y =?
Answer: B. 6
Solution: If the number is divisible by another number, it will be divisible by its factors too.
The factors of 80 = 2×5×8
For the number to be divisible by both 2 and 5, the last digit should be 0
So, y = 0
So, we can rewrite the number as 653×0
Now, for the number to be divisible by 8, the last 3 digits should be divisible by 8
So, 3×0 should be divisible by 8
So, x can be either 2 or 6 since 320 and 360 are divisible by 8
If x = 2, then the number becomes 65320, which is not divisible by 80
If x = 6, then the number becomes 65360, which is divisible by 80
Hence, the value of x=6
So, x+y = 6+0 = 6

 Which among the following options is irrational?
 3.1415926535… (nonrepeating and nonterminating)
 10.2
 (0.2)^{2}
 0.2
 Which among the following options is irrational?
Answer: A. 3.1415926535… (nonrepeating and nonterminating)
Solution: Nonterminating and nonrepeating decimals are irrational.
If the denominator of a rational number is in the form of where n and m are nonnegative integers, then the rational number is terminating.
0.2 = 2/10 = 2/(2 x 5)
∴ 0.2 has a terminating decimal and is a rational number.
3.1415926535… is nonterminating and nonrepeating.
∴ 3.1415926535… is irrational.
1/0.2 = 10/2
∴ 1/ 0.2 has a terminating decimal and is a rational number.
(0.2)^{2} has a terminating decimal and is a rational number.

 ‘s’ is called irrational if it cannot be written in the form of _____ where p and q are integers and ______.
A. p/q, p = 0
B. p/q, p ≠ 0
C. p/q, q ≠ 0
D. p/q, q = 0
Answer: C. p/q, q ≠ 0
Solution: ‘s’ is called irrational if it cannot be written in the form of p/q, where p and q are integers and q ≠ 0.
Revisiting Rational Numbers and Their Decimal Expansions

 Write down the decimal expansions of 13/6250.
 0.0208
 0.00208
 0.00512
 0.00416
 Write down the decimal expansions of 13/6250.
Answer: B. 0.00208
To get the denominator in powers of 10, multiply both the numerator and denominator by 2^{4 }

 Without actually performing the long division, state whether the following rational numbers will have a terminating decimal expansion or a nonterminating decimal expansion: 23/8.
 nonterminating nonrepeating decimal
 nonterminating repeating decimal
 nonterminating decimal
 terminating decimal
 Without actually performing the long division, state whether the following rational numbers will have a terminating decimal expansion or a nonterminating decimal expansion: 23/8.
Answer: D. terminating decimal
Solution: The given number is 23/8
We know a rational number is expressed in simplest form p/q and if q can be expressed as
×, then it is a terminating decimal
Clearly, 2 and 5 are not the factors of 23
8 can be expressed in terms of its primes as 2×2×2
Or, 8 =., where m = 3 and n = 0
Since q can be expressed in the form of., we can say 23/8 is a terminating decimal.

 Without actually performing the long division, state whether the following rational number will have a terminating decimal expansion or a nonterminating decimal expansion:
 Without actually performing the long division, state whether the following rational number will have a terminating decimal expansion or a nonterminating decimal expansion:
Answer: A. both have a terminating decimal expansion
Solution: If the denominator of a rational number is in the form of, where m and n are nonnegative integers, then the rational number has a terminating decimal expansion.

 Decide whether 52.123456789 is a rational number or not. If rational (in the form p/q), what can you say about the prime factors of q?
 Rational number, the prime factor of q will be only 2.
 Rational number, the prime factor of q will have a factor other than 2 or 5.
 Not rational number
 Rational number, the prime factors of q will have either 2 or 5, or both
 Decide whether 52.123456789 is a rational number or not. If rational (in the form p/q), what can you say about the prime factors of q?
Answer: D. Rational Number, the prime factors of q will have either 2 or 5, or both
Solution: It is rational because decimal expansion is terminating. Therefore, it can be expressed in p/q form where factors of q are of the form and n and m are nonnegative integers.

 Let x= p/q be a rational number, such that the prime factorisation of q is not of the form where n and m are nonnegative integers. Then, x has a decimal expansion which is ____________.
 Terminating
 Nonterminating nonrepeating
 Terminating nonrepeating
 Nonterminating repeating (recurring)
 Let x= p/q be a rational number, such that the prime factorisation of q is not of the form where n and m are nonnegative integers. Then, x has a decimal expansion which is ____________.
Answer: D. Nonterminating repeating (recurring)
The Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic

 Find the HCF of 1848, 3058 and 1331.
 9
 14
 13
 11
 Find the HCF of 1848, 3058 and 1331.
Answer: D. 11
Solution: Consider the first two numbers, 1848 and 3058, where 3058 > 1848.
3058 = 1848 × 1 + 1210
1848 = 1210 × 1 + 638
1210 = 638 × 1 + 572
638 = 572 × 1 + 66
572 = 66 × 8 + 44
66 = 44 × 1 + 22
44 = 22 × 2 + 0
∴ HCF of 1848 and 3058 is 22.
Let us find the HCF of the numbers 1331 and 22.
1331 = 22 × 60 + 11
22 = 11 × 2 + 0
HCF of 1331 and 22 is 11
∴ HCF of the three given numbers 1848, 3058 and 1331 is 11.

 An army contingent of 616 members is to march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade. The two groups are to march in the same number of columns. What is the maximum number of columns in which they can march?
 8
 7
 6
 9
 An army contingent of 616 members is to march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade. The two groups are to march in the same number of columns. What is the maximum number of columns in which they can march?
Answer: A. 8
Solution: Maximum number of columns = HCF of 616 and 32
616 = 2^{3}×7×11
32 = 2^{5}
∴ HCF of 616 and 32 =8

 Find the biggest number which can divide both 324 and 144.
 18
 36
 9
 21
 Find the biggest number which can divide both 324 and 144.
Answer: B. 36
Solution: Finding the biggest number that will divide both 324 and 144 is the same as finding the HCF of both.
Prime factorising the two numbers, we get,
324 = 3×3×3×3×2×2
144 = 3×3×2×2×2×2
Now, taking the common factors between them gives us the HCF.
Therefore, HCF = 2×2×3×3 = 36
 Which of the following does not satisfy the belowgiven property?
 A number which divides 542 and 128 and leaves a remainder of 2 in both cases.
 12
 9
 6
 3
Answer: A. 12
Solution: Suppose the number is x. Since it divides 542 and 128, leave a remainder 2, using Euclid’s division algorithm for 542 and x, 542 = ax + 2, where a is an integer. So, ax = 542 – 2 = 540, i.e. x is a factor of 540. Similarly, x is a factor of (128 – 2).
The HCF of 542 – 2 = 540, 128 – 2 = 126:
Step 1: 540 = 126×4+36
Step 2: 126 = 36×3+18
Step 3: 36 = 18×2+0
The HCF is 18.
3, 6 and 9 are factors of 18. 12 is the only number which isn’t a factor and hence doesn’t satisfy the above property.

 p = (where q is a prime < 7) is the prime factorisation representation of ‘p’. What is the value of p?
 p = 700
 p = 900
 p = 36
 can’t say
 p = (where q is a prime < 7) is the prime factorisation representation of ‘p’. What is the value of p?
Answer: B. p = 900
Solution: So p is 5, and the number is 900.
CBSE Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Extra MCQs
21. Euclid’s division lemma represents the pair of integers 25 & 7 as _______.
A. 25 = 25 × 1 + 0
B. 25 = 7 × 3 + 4
C. 25 = 7 × 2 + 11
D. 25 = 7 × 4 – 3
22. What is the number in the form of 4p + 3 if P is a whole number?
A. Even
B. Odd
C. Even or Odd
D. Multiple of 3
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